2.1 Aspirations on Good Governance
Malawians aspire to be united, secure and democratically nature with socioeconomic development spread to all parts of the country.
The Government will operate in an environment of transparency, accountability and rule of law. There will be effective participation of all citizens in the governing of the country coupled with clear separation of powers between the three branches of government: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The Government will operate according to the principle of merit in all public appointments.
Malawians, fully recognizing the fact that good governance is not only confined to the public sector, but also the private sector and civil society, will be fully aware of their civil and human rights as well as responsibilities and obligations to society. There will be protection of human rights and freedoms to internationally acceptable standards. The country will be led by foresighted leaders within the confines of a constitution that reflects the wishes, values and needs of the people. The country will achieve enhanced capabilities in political and strategic studies.
2.2 Strategic Challenges and Options
To meet the above aspirations the following strategic issues or challenges need to be dealt with:
188.8.131.52 Strategic Challenge
There is a general perception of the country being divided along regional and tribal lines owing partly to regional disparities in development. The challenge, therefore, is to find ways of addressing the perception of disunity and ensuring regional balance in development.
184.108.40.206 Strategic Options
Options for enhancing national unity and social cohesion include:
220.127.116.11 Strategic Challenge
There is a problem of weakening political participation by the general populace, which is evidenced partly by voter apathy. Participation is inhibited by illiteracy, poverty and other social factors. The legacy of oppressive political regime of the first three decades of independent Malawi has contributed to this situation. The challenge therefore is how to make people aware of their participation in the political process.
2.2.2 Strategic Options
Political participation can be enhanced and sustained through:
18.104.22.168 Strategic Challenge
There is increasing crime rate in Malawi, which is creating feelings of insecurity. It is constraining people from enjoying their democratic rights, and scares away local and foreign investors. The security institutions are ineffective and have inadequate resources to fulfil their functions. In some cases the law is lenient on offenders while in other cases the law is interpreted and applied leniently. The challenge, therefore, is to ensure the safety of all the people and their property.
22.214.171.124 Strategic Options
To improve internal security, the options include:
126.96.36.199 Strategic Challenges
Malawians are generally unaware of the rights provided for in the constitution. They have also generally interpreted the democratic system as rights to disrespect laws, rules, traditions, and to mean they have no responsibilities or obligations to society.
The challenge is to make Malawians understand and appreciate the Constitution and the rights and responsibilities contained therein; improving reporting systems; and prosecuting cases where other people's rights have been infringed upon and the rule of law has not been respected.
188.8.131.52 Strategic Options
Options for increasing awareness of human rights and civic responsibilities include:
184.108.40.206 Strategic Challenge
The rule of law and respect for human rights are basic foundations of Malawi's democratic system. However, there is currently widespread, misunderstanding of the meaning of democracy and human rights.
The challenge is how to ensure that laws and human rights are respected by all and serve as the basis for democratic behaviour.
The challenge also lies in increasing resources for legal aid activities to make legal advice available to the public and in assisting paralegal NGOs, which provide civic education.
2.2.5 2 Strategic Options
The following are options for enhancing and sustaining rule of law and respect for human rights:
220.127.116.11 Strategic Challenge
The maturity of the democratic process depends, in large part, on the separation of powers, checks and balances of the three branches of government. It is perceived that the various branches of government sometimes interfere in each other's roles.
The challenge is to promote separation of powers and checks and balances between the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the government.
18.104.22.168 Strategic Options
Options for promoting the separation of powers, checks and balances include:
22.214.171.124 Strategic Challenge
There is a general feeling that corruption is rampant in work places both private and public, and leaders are not accountable in the use of resources and in decision-making.
The challenge is to eradicate corruption and attain accountability in decision-making. Other challenges include making the populace aware of the advantages of accountability and disadvantages of corruption; and exposing and punishing offenders accordingly.
126.96.36.199 Strategic Options
The options available to attain accountability and reduce corruption include:
188.8.131.52 Strategic Challenge
The public service in Malawi is generally weak, inefficient and lacks client orientation in delivering services. It also lacks transparency and is slow in facilitating private sector development. Public administration is generally poor and this is worsened by dysfunctional political influence on the civil service.
The major challenge for improving the performance of the public sector is to make it strong, efficient, pro-active, impartial and non-partisan.
2.2. 8.2 Strategic Options
Strategic options to improving the role and performance of the public sector include:
2.2.91 Strategic Challenge
The major obstacles to enhancing the spirit of national service and self-help include people's wrong perception of national service and self-help as enslavement; low education; and political leaders making promises of government's providence.
There is weak local government and community participation in programme formulation and implementation. This is caused by such factors as general apathy and lack of motivation by Malawians, to take charge of their individual and collective destiny; over-centralization of government functions; high illiteracy rates; low civic awareness; and dependence on government for the provision of goods and services.
The challenge is to make Malawians appreciate the need and importance of national service and self-help and to make them act and balance in ways that promote these values.
184.108.40.206 Strategic Options
Options available include:
220.127.116.11 Strategic Challenge
Strategic planning and management of a country's socioeconomic development is essential for progress. Malawi lacks adequate capacity in conducting political and strategic studies. Many decision-makers are not fully utilizing available expert knowledge for policy formulation and implementation. Furthermore, Malawi's foreign policies and relations with other states or actors in the international arena should be a result of strategic studies and strategic thinking about what is in the best interest of the country.
The major challenge to creating capacity in political and strategic studies is limited resources; little appreciation of the need for strategic studies; and lack of institutional set up for doing and utilizing strategic thinking.
18.104.22.168 Strategic Options
The following options could be used to enhance capabilities for strategic studies:
22.214.171.124 Strategic Challenge
It is important for a society to be led by foresighted and committed leaders at all levels of society. The challenge is therefore to identify, recruit, support such leaders and provide civic education for enhancing the capability of the electorate to choose heir leaders wisely.
126.96.36.199 Strategic Options
Strategic options include: